Why Culture Matters in Investing?
Why Culture Matters?
Culture is the ultimate long-duration intangible asset.
Everyone knows it is important, but few really know how to measure it. It is hard to measure, difficult to quantify, tends to be overlooked & undervalued.
Culture is beloved by all, but valued by none.
“Culture might not drive short-term results, but it definitely is one of the key drivers of long-term results.”
Because we are long-term long-only investors, we are always focused on understanding the drivers of long-term business outperformance, which will eventually drives long-term share price appreciation, and accordingly long-term portfolio outperformance.
Which is also why management and culture is so important, and it is one of the key qualities we look out in all our investments.
We are investing in people. And it is people that drives businesses forward.”
“Customers will never love a company until the employees love it first.” – Simon Sinek
“Being a great place to work is the difference between being a good company and a great company.” – Brian Kristofek, President and CEO, Upshot
What Cultures do we look for?
This is best described by Whole Foods Co-founder, John Mackey in Conscious Capitalism. It is a socially responsible economic and political philosophy.
The premise behind Conscious Capitalism is that businesses should operate ethically while they pursue profits. This means they should consider serving all stakeholders involved including their employees, humanity, and the environment — not just their management teams and shareholders.
The four guiding principles are (1) Higher Purpose, (2) Stakeholder Orientation, (3) Conscious Culture and (4) Conscious Leadership.
- Higher Purpose is beyond pure profit generation, for the vitality and the sustainability of a business. It is about having an inspirational meaning and purpose. It is one that serves as a guiding light through thick and thin, one that continue to inspire, engage and energises its stakeholders.
- Stakeholder Orientation is beyond maximising shareholder investment returns but about creating and optimising value for all stakeholders, creating a win-win proposition, resulting in a durable, sustainable and resilient long-term business ecosystem.
- Conscious Culture is building based on clearly articulated values, principles and practices translating into behaviours, fostering a spirit of trust, inclusivity and cooperation among all stakeholders, that is energiing and unifying.
- Conscious Leadership is about focusing on the “we” rather than a “me” mentality to drive the business.
Culture is enduring, but not predestined.
Culture takes a long time time to build, and to deteriorate.
The good thing about culture is that it tends to decay extremely slowly. It retained a strong 45% correlation even after 10 years. That said, while culture can be very stable on average, it is not predestined.
Measuring Culture vs Outperformance?
Wall Street is filled with quantitative analysts and “complicated” & “sophisticated” algorithms trading solely based on financial metrics and price momentum.
But when it comes to qualitative criteria, it’s always hard to get a sense of the culture and leadership of the companies around us.
That brings us to Glassdoor.
Glassdoor is a website where current and former employees anonymously review companies and their management. Once enough reviews have been submitted, companies receive a score out of five stars. Similarly, CEOs receive a score out of 100%.
An example of one Glassdoor’s top 10 CEOs in the US by rating is Shantanu Narayen from Adobe, below is how it typically looks like.
Looking across more companies and longer term.
App Economy Insights did a very thorough analysis by analysing Glassdoor’s top 40 best-ranked public companies each year over the last 5 years:
- The top 10 returned ~284%, >6X versus the S&P 500.
- The top 40 returned 183%, >4X versus the S&P 500.
- Finally, no matter how you slice it, the companies have outperformed the S&P 500 as a group (top 10, 20, 30, 40), over one, two, three, four and five years.
- But for the top 30th-40th (see 2nd table), the outperformance is far less significant, returning ~53%, marginally beating the S&P 500’s 43%.
Which emphasises the relevance of power laws, and the best (minority) tends to drive the majority of returns and outperformance.
Focus on finding and investing in the best.
Another Glassdoor study, of taking the top 10 and top 20 best places to work picks for each over 10 years (2009–2018) summarises the following findings:
- The top 10 best places to work returned 2.5x the returns of the S&P 500
- The top 20 best places to work returned 2.3x the returns of the S&P 500
- ~63% have been beating the market (i.e. S&P 500)
- ~90% have delivered positive returns
The two analysis presents similar results to Sparkline Capital’s Kai Wu recent analysis that companies with strong cultures have outperformed the stock market over the long-term.
Similarly, companies with toxic cultures have also dramatically underperformed the broader stock market.
Final Words: Why Culture Truly Matters?
Ultimately culture matters, because it is one of the important long-term drivers of business and corresponding share price appreciation & outperformance.
We are focused on swinging all / most of the odds of successful investing in our favour. Truly being able to understand, appreciate culture matters.
That’s why we are focused on investing in the best long-term compounders run by the some of the best management with great cultures.
We look at Glassdoor ratings, trends, reviews, CEO interviews, podcasts, articles, shareholder letters, annual and quarterly reports, earnings call interviews/ transcripts, biographies, employee interview transcripts, etc.
A lot of which is qualitative, not quantitative.
This is why investing is more an art, than a science.
12 Sep 2021 | Eugene Ng | Founder & CIO| Vision Capital
Find out more about Vision Capital where we have beaten the market by more than 4X over the last 4 years: https://visioncapital.group/
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This article is solely for informational purposes and is not an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security, nor is it to be construed as legal or tax advice. References to securities and strategies are for illustrative purposes only and do not constitute buy or sell recommendations. The information in this report should not be used as the basis for any investment decisions.
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Hypothetical performance has many significant limitations and no representation is being made that such performance is achievable in the future. Past performance is no guarantee of future performance.